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City Law School finalists ‘all above board’ at The Senior Moot 2015

Senior Moot Finalists: Mark, Edward, Sam and Guy

Senior Moot Finalists: Mark, Edward, Sam and Guy

The Senior Moot 2015 on 7th May was a resounding success showcasing the mooting skills of the four postgraduate Finalists, Edward Blakeney, Guy Olliff-Cooper, Mark Galtrey and Samuel Parsons.

Former Law Commissioner (and Moot Judge) Prof Jeremy Horder of the LSE, expert on the Bribery Act, had set a robust Problem on the subject for all students in the competition to grapple with. Fellow Finals Judge, Prof Peter Hungerford-Welch of the City Law School, presented the winner’s trophy to the new champion, Mark Galtrey. Samuel Parsons was the second place winner.

The event, the culmination of months of mooting across the City Law School, was generously hosted by Senior Moot sponsors Savills at their flagship London Headquarters.

Moot Director Joanne Moss said:

Moot in progress 2015 at Savills HQ

Moot in progress 2015 at Savills HQ

“We record our thanks to Savills for their great generosity and enthusiastic support for the Senior Moot 2015. This year has seen an unprecedented level of interest in this extraordinarily tough competition. This year the glory goes to Mark Galtrey but worthy opponents and champion mooters from many countries in the world had competed. We are a major international Law School and this is a landmark competition.”

This year’s prize pot was £3,000 with the champion receiving £1650. Moot Director Emily Allbon, Law School Faculty, members of Savills, invited distinguished legal guests and student guests were pleased to celebrate together.
See the City University News page for another review of this event.

Prof Peter Hungerford-Welch presenting the trophy to winner Mark Galtrey

Prof Peter Hungerford-Welch presenting the trophy to winner Mark Galtrey

Moot Directors Emily Allbon & Joanne Moss

Moot Directors Emily Allbon & Joanne Moss


Pupillage warts and all


Don't miss the event tomorrow evening (12th May) with Francesca O'Neill from 1 Chancery Lane Chambers.

Francesca gives a brutally honest and humorous account of Pupillage 'warts and all'.

Audience: those who have obtained or are applying for Pupillage.

Location: City Law School, Room 13, 2-10 Princeton Street

Time: 18:10-20:00

Register to attend.


Stuck for something to do in June?

Credit: eete

Credit: eete

Two fantastic events coming up in June so get booking!

Shami Chakrabarti, Director of Liberty, examines the current pressures on the rule of law and human rights at the British Library, giving The Equality Lecture on 22nd June.
Tickets are just £7 for students - book now.

Don't forget to pay the British Library's current exhibition a visit - The Future of Liberty: Magna Carta and beyond - entry £5 for students. The exhibition is to mark the 800th anniversary of the signing of Magna Carta and includes two of the remaining charter documents. The exhibition runs until the 1st September 2015.

On the same theme the Castle Debates are putting on an official Magna Carta celebration event on the 1st June. 4 speakers will consider the extent to which our current rights to a healthy environment, for example, clean air and clean drinking water, reflect the principles set out in Magna Carta 800 years ago.

Speakers include: Nicholas Vincent, University of East Anglia, Professor Duncan French, University of Lincoln, Richard Wald, Barrister at 39 Essex Chambers and James Thornton CEO ClientEarth.

This 2 hour debate will take place at Radisson Blue Edwardian Bloomsbury Street Hotel, Bloomsbury Street, London WC1B 3QD, with registration at 9am.

Book online for Magna Carta - Our Legal Right to a Healthy Environment, chaired by Jonathan Porritt CBE

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Commonwealth Moot 2015 report – Joanne Moss

Junior Counsel of winning team Canada, addressing the judges

Junior Counsel of winning team Canada, addressing the judges

The Commonwealth Moot 2015 held in Glasgow in April was won by Canada, after a close and hard-fought battle in the Finals against Australia. Two City Law School students, Matthew Sellwood and Daniele Selmi won this competition in Cape Town, the last time the Commonwealth Moot took place two years ago [read Matthew and Daniele's account of the thrilling final]. We extend our congratulations to this year’s outstanding winners, and commend the high standards and enthusiasm displayed by all participants during the chase for victory.

The semi-finals also featured strong performances from South Africa (beaten by Canada), and from India (beaten by Australia)

For all the competitors, each personal performance was something worked for and practised for many hours and over months of effort.

The excitement on the opening day of the moot was palpable as each team of national champions first encountered their opposition. The participating students from all countries made a great impression on their judges.

We take the opportunity to record our thanks to Patricia McKellar of the University of London International Programmes, whose tireless work and enthusiasm made everything come together for this rewarding competition.

Thanks to Joanne Moss, Lecturer and Moot Director, for this report.


Fantastic new Human Rights resource launches! – Emily Allbon

Screenshot 2015-04-23 22.23.46

City alumni and One Crown Office Row barrister Adam Wagner launched his new venture on Tuesday evening: the RightsInfo website. With the Conservatives keen to kick that pesky Human Rights Act into touch and regular misreporting in the UK media, Adam's mission is to improve public understanding of human rights.

Great mission aside, this is a fantastic site - content is both hard-hitting and wry, accessible but not dumbed down. Bright, colourful infographics bring the site to life.

Screenshot 2015-04-23 22.25.15

Features present at the launch include:

What human rights do for us - cards with key cases and developments - each one linked to the relevant judgment and any commentary featured on Adam's other superb site, the UK Human Rights Blog. You can change the category to focus in on specific categories: Equality, Justice and Privacy amongst others.

The 14 Worst Human Rights Myths - this is brilliant. Featuring the myth (headlines from the UK press) and the actual truth, along with the relevant source. Included are the classics: "Police give fried chicken to burglar because of his human rights" "Human Rights cases being decided by unelected European judges" and of course "A man was allowed to stay in the UK because he had a pet cat".

50 Human Rights Cases Everyone Needs to Know About - based on recommendations from the legal community, RightsInfo have pinpointed 50 cases, summarised them and then linked to the full judgment. These will be released daily.

As an ex-librarian, what is very cool about this site is that every post is tagged with a category (or several) so if you find a particular subject intriguing you can just click on the category tag to find everything on the site related to this. Addictive stuff...

Want to find out more about the man behind it all? There's Adam's 1COR profile, follow him on Twitter or read an interview with him from the heady days of 2011.


Trade is Tribulation? The Public Interest Environmental Law UK Annual Conference, 9 April 2015 – Ali Nihat

Alan Bates (Monckton Chambers) speaking at the PIEL Annual Conference

Alan Bates (Monckton Chambers) speaking at the PIEL Annual Conference

For the third year in a row, City Law School has kindly been an official partner to the Public Interest Environmental Law (PIEL) UK Annual Conference. PIEL UK is a not-for-profit organisation run entirely by University students largely drawn from London institutions. Thanks to City’s support, PIEL UK was able to bring together a group of esteemed speakers from the worlds of law, academia, environmental activism, business and politics to discuss the relationship between trade and the environment.

In semi-secrecy, the European Union and the United States of America – between them accounting for just under 50% of world GDP – are negotiating the most ambitious free trade agreement in history, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP).

The avowed aim has been to cut ‘red tape’ inimical to trade, to create jobs, and to stimulate the two largest economies in the world at a time of recession. Given that trade tariffs between the EU and the US are on average very low, there has been speculation concerning ulterior motives, to say nothing of TTIP’s potentially-calamitous effects, intended or otherwise: conduit for the dominance of energy companies; backdoor to genetically-modified foods; death knell for the NHS. The European Commission has mobilised to assuage these concerns.

TTIP will do more than replace a handful of Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) concluded between the US and a number of eastern EU states on the fall of the Iron Curtain. Talks have focused on harmonising European and American regulatory regimes in a range of areas in order to ease market access, with the agreement only kickstarting an ongoing process, complete with its own novel structures coordinating between the two signatories. With negotiations further envisaging investor protection through the right to sue states before special investment tribunals (under so-called Investor-to-State Dispute Settlements, or ISDS), it is clear why the mooted deal is attracting significant interest from the legal world. To name but a few emerging questions: will the European ‘precautionary principle’ in regulatory matters lose out to the profit motive? Will ISDS undermine the rule of law and favour commercial interests? Will much domestic environmental legislation fall foul of the terms of agreement?

Established in 2007, Public Interest Environmental Law (PIEL) UK is a not-for-profit organisation which organises an annual conference on a burning topic in Environmental Law. The event is realised entirely through the sponsorship of Universities, NGOs and law firms. Naturally, the 2015 Conference focused on TTIP and the environmental effects of burgeoning trade. Such a contentious and topical issue warranted close and interdisciplinary analysis. Composed entirely of students from London Universities, including one third from City University, the 2014-2015 PIEL UK Organising Committee laboured for several months to put together a programme of 16 speakers – academics, lawyers, activists and politicians – in one affordable Conference open to the public: Satisfying Consumption: Trade and the Environment. From the very beginning, City University, and the City Law School, assisted in material, advice, and publicity, together with UCL and Queen Mary University London. On April 9 PIEL UK’s 9th Annual Conference was held in Cass Business School’s handsome lecture theatre under City’s kind auspices, and attracted over 100 attendees of all ages and walks of life.


Keynote Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer answers questions on Trade and Environment in the EU in a session chaired by Professor William Howarth of the University of Kent

Keynote Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer answers questions on Trade and Environment in the EU in a session chaired by Professor William Howarth of the University of Kent

Videos of all talks can be found on PIEL's YouTube Channel.

The day began with a closely-argued panel session assessing the overall merits and risks of TTIP for the environment and the public interest. While Sam Lowe (Friends of the Earth) warned of a race to the bottom in the regulation of food and other products, Emanuel Adam (BritishAmerican Business) noted the economic rationale and inclusion of a sustainability chapter in the draft agreement. For his part, Alan Bates (Monckton Chambers) stressed continuities with GATT and the existing WTO regime. Next, Sam Fowles (Queen Mary University of London) took to the stage to detail the more insidious dangers of Investor-State Dispute Settlements: a multiform ‘regulatory chill’ that would militate in favour of big business and governments hoping to push through, or retain, environmentally-suspect measures.

Ruth Bergan (Trade Justice Movement) speaks on impact of TTIP

Ruth Bergan (Trade Justice Movement) speaks on impact of TTIP

Ruth Bergan (Trade Justice Movement) and Tom Burke CBE (E3G) evidenced the wide-ranging impact of TTIP with presentations on ‘Third Countries’ (that is, non-signatories), and Climate Change, respectively. Asking why the mooted agreement made no clear provision to protect developing countries, Ms. Bergan set out how these ‘ghosts at the Feast’ will be detrimentally affected in myriad ways, including use of TTIP as a template in future trade agreements around the world. While dismissing the utility of Carbons Trading in tackling climate change, Tom Burke explained why TTIP would be an unmitigated disaster for emissions targets. He stressed that above all TTIP would throw up obstacles for countries seeking to pass domestic environmental legislation.

The day’s keynote speech was delivered by esteemed academic Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer, Jean Monnet Chairholder at the Academie de Louvain in Belgium, and author of works such as EU Environmental Law and the Internal Market and Environmental Principles: From Political Slogans to Legal Rules.

Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer delivering the keynote

Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer delivering the keynote

Establishing early on how environmental protection came to be placed on equal footing with the internal market as a core EU objective, Professor de Sadeleer went on to reveal the disconnect between apparent parity and practice.

The keynote spoke of the challenges facing Environmental Policy in Europe, observing, inter alia, the uneasy relationship between Competition Law and Environmental Law, the reluctance of the European Commission to bring Members to ECJ for failing to implement Environmental Directives, and the fact that environmental legislation may easily fall within the ambit of the principle of free movement of goods.

The second half of the Conference opened with Amelia Womack, deputy leader of the Green Party, setting out the political challenge of reconciling an impetus to increase trade with the need to protect the environment. Kindly taking time from the campaign trail, she spoke against conceiving of the environment in economic terms, and reminded those present that ‘there will be no business on a dead planet.’

Amelia Womack, deputy leader of the Green Party

Amelia Womack, deputy leader of the Green Party

There followed a raft of talks and panels on specific markets and trade-related environmental concerns. Revealing the realities of the global illegal trade in wildlife, Shruti Suresh (the Environmental Investigations Agency) detailed the workings of the international CITES regime (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), and the often corrupt and contradictory approach of the international community on this issue.

The evening panel on tackling Deforestation provided a different perspective of the role of business in environmental issues. Clotilde Henriot and Joseph Weyns (ClientEarth) set out the functioning of Voluntary Partnership Agreements, illustrating that different trade model agreements exist, not all of which are bad news for environmental and social standards. Equally constructive and hopeful, Leonie Lawrence (Global Canopy Programme) outlined how the Forest 500 project is working directly with corporations to eliminate deforestation from global supply chains.

A concluding panel on waste management brought into focus the diverse actors working to bring about a circular economy, and the tools at their disposal. Piotr Barczak (European Environmental Bureau) provided an insider’s perspective of the action being taken by the EU to decouple economic growth from resources use, focusing chiefly on excessive packaging. Looking at electronic waste in Africa, which is set to outstrip European volume this year, Professor Margaret Bates (University of Northampton) argued that bans were less effective than helping to build infrastructure for waste disposal. Mariel Vilella tackled consumer behaviour itself, underlining how it is possible to implement a ‘Zero-Waste’ philosophy across Europe with the techniques and laws we currently possess, following the example of a growing number of municipalities across the continent.

‘Satisfying Consumption: Trade and the Environment’ was a great success, sparking lively debate and, we hope, forging new constructive relationships in the area of environmental study and law.


Members of the 2014-5 PIEL UK Committee with Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer and Professor William Howarth

Members of the 2014-5 PIEL UK Committee with Professor Nicolas de Sadeleer and Professor William Howarth

In the new academic year, PIEL UK will be recruiting for a Committee to organise the milestone 10th annual Conference. Please subscribe to our Twitter (@Piel_uk), Facebook and LinkedIn groups to stay informed; you can also register your interest by emailing pieluk@gmail.com. Committee positions are ideal for those interested in environmental, EU and Public law; the opportunity to shape your own academic line-up, liaise with expert speakers, fundraise, and publicise such an event also offers much in the way of professional development.

Ali Nihat is Co-Chair of the PIEL UK 2014-2015 Organising Committee. Ali completed the Graduate Diploma in Law and the Bar Professional Training Course at City Law School. He featured on the City University Mooting team which triumphed in the European Law Students Association (ELSA) ECHR Moot 2014 [see more on this achievement via CityNews and the blog], held in Strasbourg. Many thanks to him for this comprehensive review of the PIEL Annual Conference.

Samuel Lowe (Friends of the Earth)

Samuel Lowe (Friends of the Earth)

Mariel Viella speaking on Zero Waste

Mariel Viella speaking on Zero Waste


Why Unique Skills Matter – Scott Howe

Scott Howe

This past summer in Bangkok I got the chance to meet renowned economist Dr. Simon Evenett. During a lunch break a colleague asked for his views on the key to a successful career. Dr. Evenett mused that throughout his career, the people who he noticed rising the highest were those who had a unique skill that separated them from their peers. Put differently, if you possess a skill that is both useful and unique, your value as an employee will rise substantially.

Many law students perceive their skill-set far too narrowly, which can drastically inhibit professional development. A successful career in any field - including law - requires competence outside the core functions of the profession. Legal skills are of utmost importance in the legal professions, but they are not the Holy Grail.

Firm partners need to master the skills of management, budgeting, employee retention, and sales just to name a few. More junior employees can prove their worthiness by mastering these skills in other settings. If anything, expertise gained in a unique area prior to employment will get you assigned to any related project that happens to come across your firm’s radar.

Don't write any opportunity off, just because it's 'non-legal'

It would be wrong to assume that by taking employment in a non-legal setting that your legal skills will not be utilised. In today’s world, expertise comes at a cost. Even large organisations may not have an in-house legal team, and outsourcing can be expensive. A junior worker who can provide basic legal advice can be very helpful in these situations. I recently completed a placement in the Trade and Investment division at the United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Before starting I had assumed I would focus primarily on development related projects. By the end of my first week, I was helping draft the Treaty Establishing the Micronesian Trade and Economic Committee. At time this article was written, the treaty (including provisions I wrote) has been signed by three Heads of State. I gained my most impressive legal experience while surrounded by economists.

My advice to new law students is to think of your career as a pyramid. Right now, you’re building the first few layers. If you want to make your pyramid structurally stable, you need to make sure your first layers are the widest. Gain as many areas of experience as you can, and remember, time is on your side. You have plenty of opportunity to specialise and build those top layers. Right now just focus on that base, when you are building the final piece, you’ll be grateful you did.

Thanks go to our writer Scott Howe [LinkedIn], a current student on the GELLB1 programme at the City Law School. Prior to coming to London, Scott travelled all over the world completing internships at the Canadian Red Cross, Amnesty International Sydney and the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. Scott worked as a Business Development Consultant in Kenya whilst becoming an entrepreneur. He is working as an Associate Expert at Bridging the Gap Foundation Asia in tandem with his law studies.


Seeking Sanctuary: How do we provide refugees safety in the face of legal aid cuts and a climate of xenophobia?

Don't miss the talk lined up next week (Monday 20th April) by the Civil Litigation Forum, part of the Centre for the Study of Legal Professional Practice at the City Law School.

S Chelvan, barrister at No.5 Chambers, London (also Legal Aid Lawyer of the Year!) and Gabriella Bettiga, Head of Immigration Department at Lawrence Lupin Solicitors will be speaking on the following subject:

Seeking Sanctuary: How do we provide refugees safety in the face of legal aid cuts and a climate of xenophobia?

Register online via Eventbrite and come along for a 6pm start at the City Law School, Atkin Building on 20th April 2015. [Location map]


Last-gasp mooting in Northern Ireland – Clare Duffy

Alex and Clare

Alex and Clare in action in Belfast

A last minute drop-out, 48 hours preparation, an unexpected flight to Belfast, a score miscount that saw the City team out and back into the competition, a close-fought semi-final – the first ‘JustCite Annual UK and Ireland National Mooting Competition’ was certainly a memorable competition for the City University pair!

During a break in our last equity and trusts lecture I received an email from Emily Allbon, City’s mooting director, simply stating “????!!!! Is this too late?”

A team had dropped out of the ‘JustCite Annual UK and Ireland National Mooting Competition’ organised by Queen’s University Belfast and so began a whirlwind of last minute preparation to take up our reserve place and catch up with the other teams who had been preparing for three weeks.

My moot partner, Alex Bennie, and I received the moot problem with 48 hours to go before the full-day mooting competition on Saturday 28th March. The fascinating problem closely mirrored the Strasbourg Court’s January 2014 judgment in Jones v UK [2014] ECHR 32 . An innocent citizen D’Alio of the fictional European nation of Orestia visited the non-European Ruritania when he was arrested by the police on suspicion of subversion. Two weeks of torture ensued, before the citizen was allowed to return home. Two years later the Ruritanian foreign minister who had supervised the torture visited Orestia for medical treatment, and D’Alio immediately instigated civil proceedings in the Orestian courts.

Moot teams prepared both sides of the problem, ready to oscillate between advocating for a progressive attitude to Article 6 rights in the context of jus cogens/Article 3 violations, and defending the respondent government’s adherence to absolute state immunity rules. In order to argue the problem effectively, mooting pairs had to draw upon domestic, European, and international jurisprudence, which took us well off the familiar territory of our GDL syllabus!


Legislation as Aspiration: Statutory Expression of Policy Goals with Professor David Feldman – Helen Longworth

Author Helen

Author Helen

A tweet, an upcoming essay, and the hunt for a reason to miss the rush hour tube home combined to lead me to the Statute Law Society's lecture on legislation as aspiration on 16th March. From my background as a policy officer trying to influence legislation on its passage through Parliament the topic was appealing, and at a time of year where the number of cases for students to remember is rising by the day, a reminder of the power and purpose of statute seemed like a timely intervention.

What Prof. Feldman delivered was a cautionary tale to interpretive judges and descriptive drafters alike. With his experience as legal adviser to the Joint Committee on Human Rights in the Palace of Westminster, Feldman identified a problem for lawyers, not all legislation is really legislative. For a revising student trying to make sense of a miasma of legal principle this may seem like heresy. If Parliament can do anything, including making law that isn't actually law, how do judges know which bits are law? Does this bolster Parliamentary sovereignty or overturn it? Or are the dark nightmares that someone is simply making it up as they go along really coming true?

In reality of course the theory makes sense. Parliament, especially one so closely tied to the executive power, has more audiences than simply the judiciary. As Feldman observed, there are administrators and accountants to instruct, an audit office to guide, ministers who need to know exactly what power is being delegated to them, as well as the press and the public. The lawyers are not the only people listening to Parliament.

Feldman identified four classes of legislation that are aimed at a different audience. He called these promissory (showing a political commitment), declaratory (stating what the law is), aspirational (a hope, not a real commitment), and statements of political support. He cited the Flags Act 1953, which describes the national flag. Is that a matter for the courts? He also cited unenforceable, rhetorical flourishes, such as the Northern Ireland Act 1998 which opens with a declaration that Northern Ireland is a part of the UK until a referendum of the residents decides otherwise. It's good political rhetoric but in avoiding the need for a vote in the UK Parliament is legally unenforceable under the current UK constitution.

The danger of non-lawmaking legislation was shown through the case of Bromley LBC v Greater London Council [1981]. For Feldman it was a stretch to find that the aspirational words of the XXXX Transport (London) Act 1961 to promote an integrated transport system were justiciable. Yet in that case a court ruled that not budgetting to break even was uneconomical and therefore outside the law. This was a hostage to fortune. But this type of language, identified by Feldman as littering legislation, also risks debasing what legislation should do. If certain statutory text can be ignored who decides what to keep? Only the courts. So is it true that we can say that the Queen in Parliament makes laws by Act but not every Act is a law? There is the threat to sovereignty. But there again, for a scholar, there too is a problem that makes the British constitution so interesting.